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Are we vaccinating dogs too much? - Know Better Pet Food - "Catherine O'Driscoll is founder of Canine Health Concern, and author of the book, 'What Vets Don't Tell You About Vaccines'."

Are We Vaccinating Too Much? By Elizabeth Colleran, D.V.M. From Animal Issues, Volume 29, Number 3, Fall 1998 -

AVA Policy on Small Animal Vaccination - The Truth About Vaccines

Canine Health Concern

Canine Leptospirosis - Paws & Claws Veterinary Hospital

Catherine O'Driscoll - Complementary Healthcare Therapies

Danger of Pet Vaccination: Adverse Reactions - Shirley's Wellness Cafe

Dogs Adverse Reactions

Dog Vaccines: Your Questions Answered - National Office of Animal Health, UK

How Often Does He REALLY Need a Rabies Shot? - Animal Wellness Magazine

Leptospirosis Vaccination - Caber Feidh

LEPTOSPIRA VACCINE--Adverse Reaction - Citizen Canine Dog Forum

LYME--Vaccinate or Not? - Into to help making INFORMED decision. - Terrific Pets Forum

MAINE RABIES LAW--Action Alert! - Proposed amendment to change law to 3 months. - Terrific Pets Forum

New Approach to Vaccination of the Canine - Cavaliers Online

The Rabies Challenge Fund

EXCITING CHALLENGE ANNOUNCEMENT! - Joint $35,000 Matching Gift to the Rabies Challenge Fund - - "Jan Rasmusen author of the national-award-winning health care book, Scared Poopless: The Straight Scoop on Dog Care, and an anonymous donor announce a combined $35,000 matching gift to The Rabies Challenge Fund. From May 1st to August 31st, for donations of $100 or more, Jan and the anonymous donors will match $1 of every $2 donated up to $35,000, and Jan will send an autographed copy of her book for donations above $500 as well. Jan’s and Chiclet’s gift is being made in honor of Chiclet’s companion, Jiggy, who developed autoimmune liver disease after a rabies shot."

Report of the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) Canine Vaccine Task Force: 2003 Canine Vaccine Guidelines, Recommendations, and Supporting Literature -

Science of Vaccine Damage - - "Merck warns in its Manual that patients with, or from families with, B and/or T cell immunodeficiencies should not receive live-virus vaccines due to the risk of severe or fatal infection. Elsewhere, it lists features of B and T cell immunodeficiencies as food allergies, inhalant allergies, eczema, dermatitis, neurological deterioration and heart disease. To translate, people with these conditions can die if they receive live-virus vaccines. Their immune systems are simply not competent enough to guarantee a healthy reaction to the viral assault from modified live-virus vaccines. Modified live-virus (MLV) vaccines replicate in the patient until an immune response is provoked. If a defence isn't stimulated, then the vaccine continues to replicate until it gives the patient the very disease it was intending to prevent."

Scientific Advisory Committee - The World Small Animal Veterinary Association - "Vaccine Guidelines 2007 (PDF)  Scientific Advisory Committee Update on Canine and Avian Influenza Virus"

SEIZURES--Possible Triggers/Causes - Dogster Forums

Stop the Shots! - Are Vaccinations Killing Our Pets? (book review) - Stop The Shots

Submission to the AVA Policy Council on Small Animal Vaccination Policy Suggestions, compiled by the Australian Association of Holistic Veterinarians, May 2004. - The Truth About Vaccines

Vaccination for Cats: Helpful or Harmful? Author - Don Hamilton, DVM - Holisticat

Vaccinations - A Word of Caution for Our Animals; Dr. Will Falconer - Alternatives for Animal Health

Vaccinations - The Basics Explained: Addressing Common Concerns - "The Science of Vaccine Damage" debunked here... Pure BUNK and pure "JUNK SCIENCE" !!! - Geneva's Pomeranians

Vaccine Information compiled by Janice Moulds and Kathleen Borys to provide the pet owner with information regarding the possible adverse effects of vaccinations (pdf) - Truth About Vaccines

VACCINES--For HEALTHY Dogs Only! - Important information to consider before vaccinating. - Terrific Pets Forum

Vaccines - Are They Safe for Your Dog? by: Dee Blanco

Vaccinosis - Dr. Richard Pitcairn Discusses Chronic Disease Caused By Vaccines - Cyber-Pet

Vaccinosis - by Catherine O'Driscoll via Mythical Danes

2006 American Animal Hospital Association's Canine Vaccine Guidelines, Revised (pdf) - AAHA

Duration of Immunity to Canine Vaccines: What We Know and Don't Know, Dr. Ronald Schultz via

New Vaccination Protocols A Review of the Literature -

What About Vaccines? Vaccinosis - Betty Lewis, RVT, Dr. A. N. via Mythical Danes

What You Should Know About theRabies Vaccine for Dogs -

►August 11, 2009 - Annual vaccinations could be harmful: vets told - Sydney Morning Herald - "Vets have been told to stop advising pet owners to vaccinate annually and to adopt a triennial immunisation program in line with international standards. The Australian Veterinary Association is expected to announce the change at the World Small Animal Veterinary Association's annual conference in New Zealand next week."

►August 9, 2009 - Rabies Challenge Fund-Budget Shortfall - This arrived on one of my yahoo group lists. I plan to donate, as this is very important! - Rabies Challenge fund via Aroha Springers - "The goal of The Rabies Challenge Fund Charitable Trust is to extend the legally required interval for rabies boosters to 5 and then 7 years, based on the findings of the rabies challenge studies currently underway at the University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine. If the studies’ results demonstrate that the rabies vaccine confers 5, and possibly 7, years of immunity, there would be a significant impact on controlling rabies and reducing adverse reactions associated with the vaccine."

►August 3, 2009 - Member alert - Article on pet vaccinations - Australian Veterinary Association

►August 1, 2009 - Vets dogged by criticism over vaccinations - Sydney Morning Herald - "Australians spend about $30 on annual vaccinations, invariably at the behest of reminder notices from their local vets. But international standards in place for the past two years recommend vaccinating no more than once every three years, after research established that core vaccinations provide immunity for between four years and a lifetime for an adult cat or dog. Possible links have also been identified between over-vaccination and injection-site tumours in cats and immunological diseases in dogs."

►July 24, 2009 - New vaccine is a shot in the leg for dog flu prevention - Tribune Media Services via Star-Telegram

►July 21, 2009 - Regular visits to vet will improve pet's quality of life - Charleston Daily Mail - "At one of those visits I would recommend a rabies vaccine. In West Virginia, rabies vaccines are required by law every two years. Every pet needs a rabies vaccine.  If animals have had a reaction to the rabies vaccine in the past, that fact needs to be addressed at their office visit. There are medications that can be given prior to the vaccine that should prevent any adverse reaction from taking place. They really work, so don't be afraid to ask."

►July 9, 2009 - Reader opts for less dramatic cancer treatment - St. Louis Post-Dispatch - "Certain cancers, especially of the skin, bone, lymph system and breast, are far more common in dogs than in humans. According to two Scandinavian surveys of canine mortalities, cancer ranks directly under 'deaths from old age.' Vaccines and ingredients called adjuvants (containing aluminum and mercury) may play a significant role in immune-system dysfunction, resulting in cancer."

►July 11, 2009 - Is it really an epidemic? H3N8 Dog Influenza virus (Dog flu) - - "This H3N8 virus has not received much publicity in the past six years until now due to Intervet/Schering-Plough creating a new vaccine to help prevent the virus."

►July 11, 2009 - First drug approved for canine influenza virus. What is canine influenza? -

►July 10, 2009 - Some NYC Dogs Ill With Leptospirosis - North Country Gazette - "Fortunately, there is a leptospirosis vaccine—talk to your vet about whether vaccinating is a good idea for your dog. 'Like other vaccines, there may be a higher rate of adverse reactions in small-breed dogs,' says Dr. Louise Murray, director of medicine at BMAH. 'The vaccine should be administered separately from other vaccinations and in two stages—one shot followed by a booster two or three weeks later.'"

►July 10, 2009 - Canine Flu Vaccine - - "Canine Influenza H3N8 - Another new vaccine for an 'emerging disease' in the canine population. Another virus to inject into the bloodstreams of our dogs along with all the others now. It was only a matter of time before they came up with a vaccine, there is money to be made!!"

►July 1, 2009 - Pit bulls and rabies vaccine laws start today - The Wichita Eagle via - "People who own dogs and cats may now get rabies vaccinations at least once every three years — instead of every year. Ferrets need vaccinations every year."

►July 1, 2009 - Animals at Suffolk shelter to receive vaccinations on arrival - The Virginian-Pilot

►July 1, 2009 - K-State Vet Reminds Horse Owners to Vaccinate - Busy horse owners reminded to make sure vaccinations current. - Kansas Farmer

►June 23, 2009 - Less is better when it comes to animal vaccines - Charleston Daily Mail

►June 1, 2009 - Remember Rabies Vaccination Before Attending Horse Shows - edited press release -

►May 31, 2009 - Cathy M. Rosenthal: Vaccination pluses outweigh minuses - San Antonio Express-News - "Dear Cathy: In your column about pets and cancer (April 26), you didn't mention that vaccinations can also give pets cancer. Henri, my cat, received a vaccination and a few days later developed a lump at the vaccination site. Our vet who told us our cat had gotten cancer from the vaccination. I was overcome with tears knowing I had just given my precious Henri a death sentence."

►May 30, 2009 - TEXAS Rabies Law--Bell County - The Rabies Challenge Fund via Forums

►May 29, 2009 - County debates changing rabies law - Killeen Daily Herald - "The rabies vaccination issue has moved to the county, but it doesn't appear the law will be changed, at least not now. On Monday, members of the Bell County Commissioners Court briefly discussed the issue of its standard rabies vaccinations – it currently requires annual rabies vaccinations."

►May 21, 2009 - Regulations for rabies vaccination under debate - Killeen Daily Herald

►May 21, 2009 - Producers say 'no' to NAIS - Federal program sees little support at Western hearing - Capital Press - "About 75 livestock producers from around the West gathered here on Monday, May 18, to voice their opposition to the national animal identification system during a USDA-sponsored listening session."

►May 21, 2009 - NUTRO Recalls Dry Cat Food Sold in 11 Countries - Company blames supplier for incorrect zinc, potassium levels -

►May 15, 2009 - Veterinarian Talks Vaccines: What Every Cat Owner Needs to Know - Dr. Heidi Bassler, medical director at Veterinary Center of Greater Newburyport, will discuss feline vaccines on Tuesday, May 19, from 6:30-8:30 p.m., at the Newburyport Public Library located in Newburyport, MA. She will share the questions cat owners should ask their veterinarians and the pros and cons of vaccinations. - Vocus via eMediaWire PRWeb

►May 15, 2009 - Dog Dies After Receiving Rabies Vaccine; Cause Undetermined - - "Charity Frazier took her 1-year-old bulldog mix puppy to the Franklin County Animal Shelter Friday for a rabies vaccination. ... Charity says her dog vomitted and turned blue after the shot, but when she tried to bring the situation to someone’s attention, she says they brushed it off like nothing was wrong."

►May 15, 2009 - Rabies Update–ALABAMA & RHODE ISLAND Pass 3-Year - Rabies Challenge Fund via Good Bloggie!

►May 15, 2009 - State law backs new rabies vaccine regulations (includes video) - - "The bill was passed yesterday by the Alabama House. It allows pet owners to take their animals to the vet for vaccinations once every three years rather than every year. Vaccination requirements for pets in Alabama are now keeping up with the times."

►May 11, 2009 - State: West Nile vaccinations urged - Daily Record - "The state’s top veterinarian is urging horse owners to vaccinate their horses now against the West Nile virus as warmer, spring weather comes to the region."

►May 9, 2009 - Three seek treatment after rabid-cat bites - Two cats test positive for rabies in Spotsylvania County - The Free Lance-Star

►May 8, 2009 - CAT - Scan? - Sonoma Valley Sun - "One very reasonable compromise is to ask your veterinarian about vaccine titers: this is a blood test that measures your pet’s 'vaccine' levels in the bloodstream. In short, it will tell you whether or not your pet is 'covered' for a certain vaccine before you decide to have the vet inject the vaccine into him."

►April 27, 2009 - FDA denies Nutro investigation despite reports indicating otherwise - VIN News

►April 27, 2009 - David Kirby: "Patient Zero" Identified in Mexican Flu Outbreak? - The Huffington Post - "The problems began in early March, when many neighbors of the hog CAFO (confined animal feeding operation) became sick with colds and flu that quickly turned into lung infections, causing local health officials to impose a 'sanitary cordon' around the area and begin a mass program of vaccination and home fumigation."

►April 26, 2009 - David Kirby: Mexican Lawmaker: Factory Farms Are "Breeding Grounds" of Swine Flu Pandemic - The Huffington Post - "Meanwhile, one of Mexico's largest producers, Granjas Carroll, a subsidiary of US hog giant Smithfield Foods, issued its own statement saying there was no sign of swine flu at any of its operations in the states of Veracruz and Puebla. The company's huge facility near the town of La Gloria was first mentioned as a possible source of the new human-swine flu outbreak by Tom Philpott at According to El Universal newspaper, the company reported no signs of disease in any of its 907 workers, 60,000 breeding sows or 500,000 feeder pigs, all of whom were vaccinated against swine flu."

►April 25, 2009 - David Kirby: Swine Flu Outbreak -- Nature Biting Back at Industrial Animal Production? - The Huffington Post - "Officials from the CDC and USDA will likely arrive in Mexico soon to help investigate the deadly new influenza virus that managed to jump from pigs to people in a previously unseen mutated form that can readily spread among humans. One of the first things they will want to look at are the hundreds of industrial-scale hog facilities that have sprung up around Mexico in recent years, and the thousands of people employed inside the crowded, pathogen-filled confinement buildings and processing plants."

►April 25, 2009 - Polo team vet grief-stricken after horse deaths - When Argentine veterinarian Felix Crespo injected 21 elite polo horses with a vitamin supplement shortly before a championship match in Florida, he never imagined they would all be dead the next day. - AP via FOX News - "The 21 most elite of the 38 horses that were headed to the field were given the supplement that was supposed to be a mixture of vitamin B, potassium, magnesium and selenium to help the fatigued animals recover after the match. But something went wrong. .... 'They were showing signs of some kind of allergic reaction that we didn't know what it was,' said Scott, the team manager."

►April 24, 2009 - Parvo outbreak forces shelter to euthanize 24 dogs - AP via Daily Press

►April 23, 2009 - The Dead Polo Ponies and Their Millionaire Owner - TIME - "Still, unless the vitamin was corrupted with something especially toxic, many veterinarians doubt Biodyl alone could have caused the equine die-off. Investigators, including those examining many of the dead horses at the University of Florida's veterinary school, say it could be days before they unravel the toxicological mystery. Florida's state Agriculture Department announced late Wednesday afternoon that almost all the horses suffered from hemorrhaging of the lungs before they collapsed."

►April 23, 2009 - Vaccinating Dogs: What Your Vet (Probably) Has Not Told You (video) - Aimee's Law Blog

►April 22, 2009 - Washington State Vet Urges WNV Vaccination -

►April 20, 2009 - FDA Confirms Probe of NUTRO Pet Food Deaths, Illnesses - Menu Foods earlier revealed it was the target of a federal probe - Consumer Affairs

►April 19, 2009 - Your pet should get a Lyme disease vaccination - Culpeper Star-Exponent

►April 18, 2009 - Bronson Sends Out Early Warning On Equine Vaccinations - Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) and West Nile Virus (WNV) are the two major equine diseases animal health officials are concerned about. - Foster Folly News

►April 14, 2009 - In rare instances, vaccinations can go badly - Ottawa Citizen via - "Q: We have a three-year-old cocker spaniel/poodle mix who had her vaccinations three years in a row. In the first and third year, she reacted to them, but not in the second year. She is due again in May, and I am concerned regarding her safety getting the vaccines again. Last year, we gave her Benadryl prior to receiving the vaccinations."

►April 13, 2009 - Vaccinations and your dog: how often is really necessary? -

►April 13, 2009 - South Carolina Residents Advised To Vaccinate Pets - South Carolina Department Of Health via eMaxHealth - "Three Charleston County residents are under the care of a physician after being exposed to a chihuahua that has tested positive for rabies, the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control said today."

►April 13, 2009 - Vaccinations and your dog: how often is really necessary? -

►April 3, 2009 - Learning about treating pets and keeping rabies out of Britain - The Telegraph, UK

►April 3, 2009 - Horse owners: vaccinate those animals now - Asheville Citizen-Times

►March 30, 2009 - New law requires less frequent rabies vaccinations - Cullman Times - "An Alabama state senate committee has approved a bill that would allow pet owners to get their dogs and cats vaccinated for rabies every three years instead of every year. The bill was approved by the Senate Health Committee and will now go to the Senate for consideration."

►March 30, 2009 - Vaccines protect dogs from parvovirus - Contagious disease killed Oprah Winfrey's puppy - The Patriot-News via

►March 28, 2009 - Vaccines save lives of animals every day (requires registration) - Sun Herald

►March 26, 2009 - Do pets need annual rabies vaccination? Alabama is last state left to require them - The Birmingham News via - "Some pet owners say they support three-year vaccinations because of the health risk and side effects that can occur each time a pet receives a vaccination. 'You wouldn't want your physician giving you a tetanus shot every year,' said Kris L. Christine, a Maine woman who founded The Rabies Challenge Fund and has pushed for a change in Alabama's law.  Vaccination side effects can include seizures, anaphylactic shock and autoimmune diseases affecting various organs, Christine wrote in a letter to state health officers in February. The proposed bill to change the requirement also would provide for the state Board of Health to adopt rules that would allow exemption from vaccination if it would injure the animal."

►March 21, 2009 - Danbury area vets urge puppy owners to vaccinate for parvovirus - Danbury News Times

►March 19, 2009 - Farmers to vaccinate badgers against bovine TB - The Times, UK

►March 19, 2009 - As cases of rabies rise, vaccinations encouraged -

►March 18, 2009 - Oprah Winfrey's second puppy succumbs to virus (requires registration) - Chicago Tribune

►March 18, 2009 - Vaccinations Not a Place to Cut Back, Vets Say -

►March 18, 2009 - Black & White … and Dangerous - Review Messenger - "With warmer weather finally(?) upon us, there is an increase in wild animal activity in the area, and skunks can pose a particular problem. As skunks become more active, they can put both people and domestic pets at risk by exposure to rabies."

►March 14, 2009 - Oprah's dog dies from Parvo; dog owners urged to get their dogs vaccinated for Parvovirus - - "Notably, no dog is immune to Parvo. Even vaccinated dogs can contract Parvo; vaccinated dogs simply have a much lower chance of contracting this deadly dog virus. Like all viruses, Parvo evolves and changes into new strains that the vaccine does not protect against. As new strains of Parvo emerge, scientists must identify the new strain and then develop a vaccine to protect against that particular form of Parvo."

►March 14, 2009 - March is Rabies Awareness Month; dog registration and vaccination pushed - Philippine Information Agency

►March 14, 2009 - Ask a vet: The jabs that beat diseases - The Times, UK

►March 10, 2009 - Bill may save pet owners cash - Montgomery Advertiser - "Pet owners might have one less thing to worry about every year when it comes to the health of their animals if a bill makes it out of the Alabama Legislature this year. State Sen. Larry Dixon, R-Montgomery, is sponsoring a bill that would change a law that requires dogs and cats to be vaccinated against rabies each year. Instead, most pet owners will only have to round up their animals and pay for the shots once every three years."

►March 10, 2009 - Critics blast horse vaccination plan - Meadville Tribune - "Alyce Gatts, a horse owner from Atlantic, said even if the new rules are enacted, 'all these requirements will not guarantee healthy horses.' Plus, some of the vaccines such as rabies can cause an adverse reaction in a horse, said Kate Gatts of Atlantic. 'There’s no sense giving a shot that will do more damage than the disease,' said Kate, who is Alyce’s mother-in-law."

►March 8, 2009 - National Vaccination Month Rescheduled - Pethealthcare, UK - "Angus Robinson of Intervet / Schering-Plough Animal Health, which organises National Vaccination Month, said, “Due to an unexpected temporary shortage of the vaccine to prevent Leptospirosis, we have decided to delay this important campaign until stocks return to normal levels."

►March 6, 2009 - Fair’s new ‘health regulations’ could be the death of its quality horse shows - Meadville Tribune - "It is interesting to note that horses were not required to have the rabies vaccine last year, and still no horse in Pennsylvania contracted the disease. It is still more interesting to know that 24 horses were either allowed to die or were killed so that they could be tested for rabies, and none of them had it. Many horse owners in this area are against giving their horses this vaccine because most of us know at least one person who had a horse die from an adverse reaction to this vaccination."

►February 26, 2009 - Action Alert: Help Alabama Reform Rabies Laws - Aimee's Law Blog - "Kris Christine, co -Trustee of the Rabies Challenge Fund, writes that Alabama pet owners have begun lobbying legislators to conform the annual rabies booster requirement for dogs and cats to the national standard of three years. Alabama is currently the only U.S. State that mandates rabies vaccine annually. A copy of her letter to the Alabama Public Health Veterinarian and State Health Officer on behalf of The Rabies Challenge Fund and Alabama pet owners follows."

►February 3, 2009 - Dog Bleeds to Death After "Routine" Microchip Implant - Dog Bleeds to Death After "Routine" Microchip Implant Procedure - Grieving owner calls for an end to mandatory microchipping in Los Angeles - press release - CASPIAN via Natural Health News

►February 2, 2009 - Vaccine crisis forces Bangladesh to kill thousands of stray dogs - AFP via Yahoo! Health - "An acute shortage of anti-rabies vaccine has forced Bangladesh authorities to put down thousands of stray dogs after a spate of rabies deaths due to lack of medicines, officials said Tuesday."

►January 31, 2009 - Now, a vaccine to control dog population? - Times of India - "Under the project, a particular sperm-specific protein, responsible for fertility and having an immuno-contraceptive potential, will be isolated from dog's sperms. This protein will then be used to control canine population."

►January 23, 2009 - Rabies can prove costly for pet owners - Nogales International

►January 23, 2009 - Flu sweeps through dog world - Colorado Springs Gazette

►January 23, 2009 - China Bio-Immunity Recalls Rabies Vaccine on 'Possibility of a Flaw' - Seeking Alpha

►January 22, 2009 - Low-cost vaccination clinics can raise risks to pets - The Oregonian via - "The American Veterinary Medical Association's task force on vaccine-associated feline sarcoma says the risk of a cat developing a sarcoma after receiving a vaccine in the shoulder area is 50 percent higher than if the cat gets the vaccine in a limb. Each kind of vaccine should be given in a different leg, says Connie White, a veterinarian at Fremont Veterinary Clinic. In addition to reducing sarcoma risk, this practice makes it easier to identify which vaccine caused a problem, White says. 'And if you have to amputate, it's easier to amputate,' White says. Amputating a limb can save a pet's life and is less expensive and more successful than treating a sarcoma in a shoulder."

►January 22, 2009 - Rabies bites the North Coast - Confirmed rabies-infected animals in Humboldt County - The Times-Standard

►January 21, 2009 - Garrett changes vaccination policy after Parvo outbreak - Fulton animal control supervisor Pam Bianco had to put down seven dogs on Jan. 13 after a Parvovirus outbreak at Garrett Animal Shelter. - Fulton Sun

►January 18, 2009 - Pet owners will have grace period to get microchipping done - Press-Enterprise

►January 1, 2009 - Rabies and other public health policies revisited - American Veterinary Medical Association JAVMA News

►December 18, 2008 - Cattle Preconditioning: Cautions With Vaccine Administration - - "Be aware that anaphylactic (allergic) reactions are always possible when administering vaccines and be prepared with at least some epinephrine available. Recent work has demonstrated that vaccines prepared from gram negative bacteria may contain sufficient amounts of endotoxins to cause clinical problems. Lepto, campylobacter, salmonella, E. coli and pasteurella vaccines could all be potential problems. It has been recommended that not more than two of these products be administered at one time. ... It has recently been reported that the use of an injectable type of MLV-IBR vaccine in calves under 5 days of age may result in a massive infection by this herpes type one virus."

►December 17, 2008 - Wyoming City Changes Dog Rabies Ordinance - Cheyenne’s dog owners will be given a three-year vaccine option, waiver for sick pets. - - "The Cheyenne City Council on Dec. 8 voted 8-2 to amend the rabies vaccination ordinance so that pet owners will no longer be required to take their animals in for a rabies shot every year. The ordinance includes a medical exemption for sick animals."

►December 16, 2008 - Dr. Fox: Feline lives with a growing tumor - United Features Syndicate via St. Louis Post-Dispatch - "DEAR G.R.: There is a definite connection between where a vaccination is injected and the development of fibrosarcoma in cats. The aluminum hydroxide in vaccines may play a role, and until safer vaccines are developed, it's best to follow the minimal vaccination protocol detailed on my Web site, Other injections can cause this problem, so there is no simple answer as to the cause. In order to facilitate surgical removal if a tumor develops, veterinarians do not vaccinate in the nape of the neck but as far down the leg as possible."

►December 10, 2008 - Vaccination could save pet from euthanasia - Shelbyville Times-Gazette

►December 10, 2008 - Big cat bites Santa during photo shoot at NJ store - AP via The Press of Atlantic City via Yahoo!

►December 1, 2008 - Distemper Vaccinations In Ferrets - Is it safe to skip a distemper vaccination in ferrets? - Ferrets magazine via - "The downside to frequent vaccination is possible immune system disorders and possible cancers at the site of vaccination. These concerns have occupied those who do dog and cat medicine for a number of years."

►November 22, 2008 - Health Department Discusses Change In Pet Vaccination Law - The Morning News - "Arkansas and Alabama are the only states that still require annual rabies vaccinations for dogs and cats, but that could change in the 2009 session. ... Kris Christine, co-founder of Rabies Challenge Fund Charitable Trust, recent sent letters to each of the state’s 135 legislators and to Gov. Mike Beebe and Arkansas Attorney General Dustin McDaniel urging them to support extending the vaccination requirement to three years. 'Redundant annual rabies shots needlessly expose dogs and cats to the risk of adverse effects while obligating residents to pay unnecessary veterinary medical bills,' wrote Christine, who lives in Alna, Maine."

►November 20, 2008 - GM canarypox vaccine gets green light - New Zealand Herald

►November 19, 2008 - GM horse flu vaccines gets go ahead -

►November 19, 2008 - Caring for cats: When to vaccinate your feline friends -- and when not to - Newsday via Detroit Free Press

►November 15, 2008 - Rabies Vaccination - The Big Scam By: Dr. John Fudens, D.V.M. - via Aimee's Law

►November 15, 2008 - City seeking vets' input on rabies - The Wichita Eagle via - "The survey asks whether individual veterinarians should be 'legally allowed individual discretion' in determining how often the vaccine is given, and whether the vets think administering the vaccine on a multiyear basis, rather than annually, would harm human health or improve dogs' health. It also asks veterinarians how many instances they have seen in which their canine patients experienced adverse reactions to the rabies vaccine, and whether vets are concerned that people will not bring their pets in for routine exams if the vaccines are no longer required annually."

►November 12, 2008 - Bristol puppy fights off tetanus - This is Bristol

►November 11, 2008 - Health information for your dog or just slick marketing? - San Francisco Chronicle

►November 7, 2008 - Update: Recall of Dry Dog and Cat Food Products Associated with Human Salmonella Schwarzengrund Infections --- United States, 2008 - MMWR/CDC

►November 6, 2008 - Mars Petcare US Chow Factory's Toll of Human Salmonella Hits 79 - Bloomberg

►November 3, 2008 - Gassy dog eats its own feces - Asbury Park Press - "Q: I have read about adverse reactions to rabies/distemper shots in pets. My cat received a rabies/distemper shot in 2005. About 45 days after her shots, she started pulling her hair out. She never breaks the skin or has any bleeding. This happens mostly on her legs and belly. I showed my vet an article about adverse reactions to rabies/distemper shots, and he said I was wasting his time and he threw the article down in disgust."

►November 3, 2008 - Canada approves E coli vaccine for cattle - CIDRAP News

►November 3, 2008 - Cows vaccinated to keep people from getting sick - Vaccine envisioned, developed by UBC microbiologist - The Province via - "While the vaccine is already available to Canadian cattle farmers and vets, its implementation is still up for discussion, he said, because it's a cattle vaccine for a human disease. 'The cows aren't getting sick so Joe Cattle Farmer would ask, 'Why should I vaccinate cows when they're fine?' ' he said."

►October 29, 2008 - Danger in horse flu vaccine, leading vet says - The racing industry's push to vaccinate horses against equine influenza could have a devastating effect on the horse population, according to a leading veterinarian. - The Australian - "He said the selective vaccination of horses would lead to a sub-population of immune horses that might develop the disease but not show symptoms, in the same way that some children who were immunised against chicken pox could still develop a mild form of the disease and spread it to others. Dr Gilkerson argued that the infectious horses would not be detected until the devastating disease had spread into the general horse population."

►October 27, 2008 - Freak illness raises concerns for breed - Local owner questions how dog picked up tetanus - myKawartha

►October 14, 2008 - Bereaved owners may receive millions in poison pet-food settlement - CBC

►October 9, 2008 - Animals Get the Flu, Too - Horses, Pigs, Ferrets, Birds, Dogs Among Winter Ailment Sufferers - ABC News

►October 9, 2008 - Scotland must get it right on bluetongue vaccination – McLaren - Scotland's compulsory bluetongue vaccination programme begins on Monday, November 3, meaning freer movement of stock across the border. - Farmers Guardian - "Activating Scotland’s BT vaccination strategy will commit farmers to annual vaccination against BT for the foreseeable future, says the Government."

►October 9, 2008 - Start date given for compulsory BTV8 vaccination scheme - The Herald, UK - "...all cattle and sheep in Scotland aged three months and older will legally require vaccination against strain eight of the bluetongue virus (BTV8). Vaccination must be completed by April 30, 2009."

►October 9, 2008 - Vaccine law change - Arkansas Times - "A change in state law to allow pet owners to vaccinate their dogs and cats against rabies every three years instead of one may be part of the state Health Department's legislative package next year."

►October 8, 2008 - Latest update from Rabies Challenge Fund - Good Bloggie! - "November marks the one year anniversary since the concurrent 5 and 7 year challenge studies began at the University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, and the fund has raised $120,700 of the $209,000 needed to fund the studies’ 2nd year budget."

►October 6, 2008 - Action Alert: Arkansas Considers 3 Year Rabies Vaccine Interval - Rabies Challenge Funds via Aimee's Law

►October 6, 2008 - Update: Arkansas Rabies Laws - The State of Arkansas is considering adoption of a 3-year rabies protocol. -

►October 6, 2008 - Update: Tennessee Rabies Laws - You can join a group of Tennessee dog owners who are asking the state to consistently enforce the 3-year rabies immunization requirement set forth in Tennessee law Title 68 Chapter 8. -

►October 6, 2008 - Update: Cheyenne, Wyoming Rabies Laws - Cheyenne's Public Services Committee is scheduled to meet on October 13th to make a recommendation to the City Council on the proposed adoption of a 3-year rabies protocol. -

►October 6, 2008 - Urgent call to farmers on cattle vaccination - Journal Live, UK - "Malcolm Corbett, North East livestock representative for the National Farmers’ Union, said rumours that the vaccine could create fertility issues for animals were wide of the mark. He said: “We can definitely say that any rumours of health issues with the vaccine are just nonsense. We have had ample evidence from scientists that the vaccine is perfectly safe."

►September 27, 2008 - Biting back against rabies - Falls vet has seen damage caused by killer virus - Niagara Falls Review

►September 27, 2008 - Owners urged to have rabbits vaccinated - Filey Today - "Signs to look out for are a white discharge from the eyes and swelling of the lips, nose and ears. There is no effective cure for the disease, which was originally introduced as a means of controlling the wild rabbit population."

►September 26, 2008 - Horse flu vaccinations could make the virus harder to spot - Tamworth Northern Daily Leader, Australia - "Equine Veterinarians Australia president Jane Axon said, 'as equine influenza has now been eradicated from Australia, the debate will be around whether horses should continue to be vaccinated to protect them against possible future outbreaks'. She said the AVA didn’t support ongoing vaccination because it feared it would not stop another outbreak. 'Unfortunately the virus can mutate and have a completely different shape tomorrow. Vaccination simply masks the symptoms of equine influenza and makes it even more difficult to spot.'"

►September 25, 2008 - Vaccination battleground as equine flu forum begins - Horsetalk, NZ - "'Vaccinating the horses against equine influenza is only protecting against a disease that exists today. Unfortunately the virus can mutate and have a completely different shape tomorrow, and a vaccinated horse can catch it,' Dr Axon says. 'Vaccination simply masks the symptoms of equine influenza and makes it even more difficult to spot. By the time the signs of the disease are visible you could have a huge outbreak and suffer the same devastating effects which the equine industry is still getting over."

►September 25, 2008 - Allies poles apart on vaccination - They stood side by side in the battle against equine influenza but the NSW Racing Industry and the Federal Government are now in opposition over the issue of vaccination. - The Courier-Mail

►September 23, 2008 - Defense Contractor To Kill Parvo Virus At Dog Park - News 8 via - "Fernando Feria, president of L3 Communications, thought of Steramist, a product his company manufacturers that's used to clean hospitals and cruise ships. 'It's totally harmless. It's a hydrogen peroxide base, the same hydrogen peroxide used when you gargle,' he said."

►September 20, 2008 - Horse council argues against EI vaccination - Horsetalk, New Zealand - "Opponents to ongoing vaccination include the Australian Veterinary Association (AVA)."

►September 19, 2008 - Hundreds ditch bluetongue vaccine over breeding fears - A backlash against bluetongue vaccination has
seen growing numbers of producers shelving plans to protect livestock against the virus. - FarmersWeekly, UK - "While the farmers were not prepared to be identified, they said reports about stock deaths following vaccination had done little to instill confidence in the vaccine. 'I've decided to leave my vaccine in the fridge until the spring,' said one Cumbria suckled calf producer. 'I want my cows safely in calf and a crop of calves on the ground before I start to jab.'"

►September 17, 2008 - Some veterinarians urge shots for virus - Feline calicivirus poses big risk to kittens - Explore Baltimore County - "Linda Reinhardt, a veterinarian at Valley Animal Hospital in Owings Mills, said her practice does give a vaccine for the standard calicivirus but not the new strain. Virtually all of her patients are indoor cats and aren't at risk of contracting the disease, she said. 'I think it is an issue in the shelter and catteries and so forth, but at this practice, we do not promote any new vaccine unless there is a dramatic impact,' Reinhardt said. Vaccine makers may be hyping the disease, Pikesville Animal Hospital's Carey Zumpano suspects..'I think there's more problems with more vaccination,' he said."

►September 12, 2008 - Vaccination saves dog after fight with rabid raccoon (update with photo/rabies clinic info) - Gaston Gazette

►September 12, 2008 - Rabies vaccination program soars the West Virginia skies again - Record Delta

►September 11, 2008 - County to require cat owners to get their animals rabies shots -

►September 5, 2008 - 3 dogs not current on rabies shots euthanized after contact with rabid raccoon in East Spencer - Salisbury Post - "State law requires that pets not current on their rabies shots be euthanized or quarantined for six months at a veterinary clinic after contact with rabid animals. The six-month quarantine can cost anywhere from $2,000 to $5,000 per dog depending on the clinic."

►September 4, 2008 - Vaccine may have contributed to dog's death (includes video) - - "'I take in three dogs, perfectly healthy,' he says. 'Bring home three dogs, very ill.' Higgs filed a claim with Pfizer asking to be compensated for vet and travel expenses. He also wants Pfizer to give pet owners a mandatory disclosure form to sign before any vaccine is ever given. 'It should be required to list all drug reactions, all drug interactions,' he says, 'effects on pets with preexisting conditions, effects on pets of a certain size and weight and breed.'"

►August 28, 2008 - Here's a way to fight diseases that plague our pets - Anaheim Hills couple's fundraising idea helps provide money for veterinary research into cancer and other health woes that affect animals. - Orange County Register

►August 22, 2008 - Virus killing Kent County dogs - - "'The number of local Parvo cases is disturbingly high,' Dr. Wendy Swift, veterinary medical director at the Humane Society, said in a release. 'The virus is spread through fecal contamination, and it has been extremely fatal in puppies as well as in both vaccinated and unvaccinated adult dogs.'"

►August 18, 2008 - Some Pedigree-brand dog food is recalled - United Press International

►August 18, 2008 - Could Over Vaccination Kill Your Dog? - K9 Magazine via

►August 17, 2008 - Highly Contagious Cat Virus Worries Pet Lovers - Today's TMJ4 - "Most strains of calicivirus are not fatal, but some varieties can be deadly. All forms are highly contagious....There is a vaccine included with a cat's normal shots, but it does not protect against every strains."

►August 6, 2008 - NFU: Keep vaccinating against bluetongue urges JAB campaign - - "The rallying call comes as Merial announces the release of the first batch (2.1 million) of the 13 million doses of bluetongue serotype-8 (BTV-8) vaccine contracted by Defra."

►August 6, 2008 - Take precautions when vaccinating your dog - - " There is an ever-increasing amount of information available to suggest that dogs are receiving too many vaccinations. There currently isn't one agreed upon solution to the frequency of vaccinations, or even if they are all necessary."

►August 1, 2008 - Judge says vaccination laws broken - - "The fine for failure to provide current rabies vaccinations is $100 per day that the animal is without vaccine protection."

►August 1, 2008 - Unusual number of puppies are dying from Parvo Virus -

►July 21, 2008 - Kennel Cough Vaccine Request Makes Sense - Ottawa Citizen via

►July 18, 2008 - Doggie Flu Making An Impact In Southern Colorado (includes video) -

►July 15, 2008 - Research and Markets: The Global Veterinary Vaccines Market Is Rapidly Growing At A CAGR of More Than 6% and Is Projected To Reach US$5.1 Billion by the Year 2012 - Research and Markets via Business Wire via MarketWatch

►July 13, 2008 - Pill-Popping Pets (requires registration) - The New York Times - "The practice of prescribing medications designed for humans to animals has grown substantially over the past decade and a half, and pharmaceutical companies have recently begun experimenting with a more direct strategy: marketing behavior-modification and 'lifestyle' drugs specifically for pets. America’s animals, it seems, have very American health problems."

►July 12, 2008 - The best plan for vaccinations is to have a veterinarian do them - Culpeper Star Exponent - "It is also best to purchase vaccines only from veterinarians or directly from vaccine manufacturers. Last year I treated a puppy for severe parvovirus infection. The infection occurred one week after the owner had administered a parvo vaccine from a farm store. I do not know for sure that this was a case of vaccine-induced disease, but modified live vaccines can revert to virulent strains if not stored properly."

►July 9, 2008 - Separate rabies shot, other vaccinations - Times Union - "It is shocking how over-vaccinated pets are today, which is in total disregard for the new information and protocols established by experts in immunology and vaccinology. Rabies vaccinations should be given separately from other vaccinations, and no animal that is ill or has had serious vaccine reactions in the past should be routinely vaccinated."

►July 8, 2008 - Dogs were 'risk to community' - Gazette, UK - "A Frenchman who flouted antirabies laws by trying to smuggle his pet dogs through Harwich port 'put an entire community at risk', a court ruled."

►July 5, 2008 - Vaccine credited with saving snakebit dog - San Diego Union-Tribune

►July 3, 2008 - Rattlesnake Vaccine Available to Help Protect Your Dog -

►July 2, 2008 - Ohio Considers Mandatory Rabies Vaccination for Cats - Violators would be fined $50 under proposed legislation. -

►June 28, 2008 - Should dog owners give vaccines? - Culpeper Star Exponent

►June 20, 2008 - NZ Horse industry must oppose GE vaccine - GE Free NZ via

►June 20, 2008 - Debate over vaccination program heats up - Scone Advocate - "WHILE thoroughbred industry leaders are keen for ongoing vaccination against Equine Influenza, Upper Hunter equestrians Blair and Nikki Richardson are among those who maintain it is not in the nation’s best interests."

►June 19, 2008 - When and how often should you vaccinate your pets? - Norman Transcript - "Dear B.J.: Check my Web site,, for the latest vaccination protocols for dogs and cats. In my opinion, your dog does not need a bordetella vaccination. It is shocking how over-vaccinated pets are today, which is in total disregard for the new information and protocols established by experts in immunology and vaccinology. Rabies vaccinations should be given separately from other vaccinations, and no animal that is ill or has had serious vaccine reactions in the past should be routinely vaccinated."

►June 19, 2008 - Bluetongue vaccination still a priority say NFU and CLA - Farming UK - "Commenting on the recent delays in vaccine delivery, the two organisations continued: "It is unfortunate that we have seen a problem with the latest batch of vaccine, which for quality control reasons is undergoing further testing."

►June 19, 2008 - Vaccine protects horses from EEE - - "Amanda Adamski boards up to 35 horses at any given time. To stay in her stables, the horses must receive an EEE vaccine."

►June 19, 2008 - Experts tout animal ID plan - BURVILLE MEETING: Panel says program will help prevent spread of disease - Watertown Daily Times - "Such programs would give health officials the ability to find farms to disseminate information and vaccinations more effectively, to understand the spread of any diseases and to respond more quickly when and if an outbreak did occur, said Mrs. Blood-Szentmiklosy."

►June 19, 2008 - Ranchers: Brucellosis vaccine is failing - Casper Star-Tribune Online

►June 17, 2008 - Our view on drug safety: FDA vet tracks dog deaths, gets smeared in the process - Tale of ProHeart 6 raises questions about who calls the shots at agency. - USA Today

►June 14, 2008 - Dog flu confirmed in Illinois - United Press International

►June 11, 2008 - Letter: Don't forget rattlesnake vaccination - Chico Enterprise-Record

►June 9, 2008 - Vets renew call for changes to county animal ordinance (includes video) - WSBT-TV South Bend - "Kryder, and other veterinarians, including Dr. Jeff Vogl, have refused to turn over rabies vaccination records from clients who don't give permission for the information to be released. They say the records are well maintained for at least three years in their offices, and should be protected under privacy laws from being released to the county. '[This ordinance] forces veterinarians to be the police, tax collectors and disseminators of our clients' private information,' Dr. Kryder told the County Council during an informal meeting Monday."

►June 5, 2008 - Vaccine Protocols Discussed At 2008 ACVIM Forum - Experts to answer questions and dispel fears regarding the administration of vaccinations in companion animals - press release - American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) via - "'While common sense dictates that every dog and every cat should not receive every type of vaccine available on the market every year, it is [still] done,' said Richard B. Ford, DVM, MS, DACVIM, DACVPM (Hon), who is also a presenter at the 2008 ACVIM Forum in San Antonio, Texas, June 4 – 7."

►June 5, 2008 - FDA Allowing Heartworm Drug For Dogs Back In US - Dow Jones via CNNMoney - "Wyeth unit Fort Dodge Animal Health pulled the drug from the market in 2004 amid reports that 500 dogs died while taking it. The FDA's handling of the situation sparked congressional inquiry after an FDA safety officer said the agency tried to silence her when she raised concerns about the drug. Sen. Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, fired off a letter to FDA Commissioner Andrew von Eschenbach on Thursday expressing concerns about how the agency came to its decision to allow the drug, called ProHeart 6, back in the U.S."

►June 4, 2008 - Rabies Vaccine Could Bring Safer Dog Days - LiveScience - "The Rabies Challenge Fund study, headed by veterinarian Ronald Schultz, aims to see if the vaccine provides immunity in canines for as long as seven years."

►May 29, 2008 - To vaccinate or not to vaccinate? That is the question...about your pets - Medill Reports - "While many of these adverse reactions can be attributed to contaminated or poorly made vaccines, many animals are just genetically-prone to have such reactions said Jean Dodds, a hematologist and founder of Hemopet in Garden Grove, Calif. And these reactions can occur immediately after the vaccination or as long as 45 days later. Other known signs of adverse reactions include neurological disorders and auto-immune disorder—the shutting down of the animal’s immune system making them more susceptible to diseases."

►May 27, 2008 - Pet owners, vets raise questions about vaccinations - CBC - "Winnipeg dog owner Phil Daley said none of his three canine companions have been vaccinated in years, and he has no intention of changing that. 'Never. Not anymore. I will not,' he said. 'I'd rather take the chance.' Daley suspects vaccination killed one of his dogs; the animal contracted an autoimmune disease after being vaccinated. Fellow pet owner Audra Lesosky doesn't vaccinate her dog either — and says her vet supports the decision."

►May 26, 2008 - Protecting Your Pet: Over-vaccination - Pet owners have long been told that their animals need to get shots...But some vets are questioning the safety and necessity of those vaccinations. 7's Dylan Dreyer has more in "Protecting your Pet." (includes video) - WHDH-TV - "'I see animals comes to me young with tragic illnesses, terminal illnesses. I go back into their history and I see that they have received a series of multiple of multi-dose vaccinations.' Citing examples from his own patients, Dr. Goldstein believes that too many vaccines causes a weakening of an animals immune system. 'If vaccines didn't have any side effects, I wouldn't have a problem, but I think indirectly over-vaccination attributes to the incredible rise we've seen in cancer since I graduated vet school.'"

►May 24, 2008 - Vaccine reaction of the worst type yesterday... - Morgen's Sculpting Journal - "My personal opinion on horse vaccinations has now been strongly cemented that these should be done only when a vet is on site for MANY hours. If the worst case scenario happens there simply isn’t going to be enough time to call in a vet. And whoa, lemme tell you, giving epinephrine to a horse that has stopped breathing is no minor matter. That last resort 'cure' can kill them too."

►May 22, 2008 - Visiting Veterinarian : Bugs in the system - Martha's Vineyard Times

►May 9, 2008 - TENNESSEE Rabies Laws--ACTION ALERT!! - The Hotdog Blog!

►May 8, 2008 - ANIMAL DOCTOR How often should your pet be vaccinated? - United Feature Syndicate via Houston Chronicle

►May 8, 2008 - A longer lasting vaccine for dogs? - Medill Reports, Chicago Northwestern University - "Ronald Schultz, professor and chairman of pathobiological sciences of the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, is lead researcher of the Rabies Challenge Fund, testing a hypothesis that the rabies vaccine can last as long as 5 to 7 years. Currently, rabies vaccines are licensed to last only 3 years."

►May 7, 2008 - Human Rabies Prevention --- United States, 2008 - Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (early release) - MMWR/CDC

►May 7, 2008 - Letter: It's rabies vaccination day for pets - Gloucester Daily Times

►May 2, 2008 - Health Unit gets tough on owners that do not immunize their animals - Lindsay Daily Post - "During a court case in Lindsay in April, two City of Kawartha Lakes residents received fines totaling $1,050 for failing to have their animals immunized against rabies, according to a health unit press release. The convictions were made under Ontario Regulation 567/90, which requires every owner or person having the care and custody of a cat or dog three months of age or over to ensure the animal has proper and up-to-date rabies immunization."

►May 1, 2008 - Dog Announces $35,000 Donation to Study the Rabies Vaccine - Chiclet T. Dog, canine co-author of the award-winning book 'Scared Poopless: The Straight Scoop on Dog Care,' announces a $35,000 matching gift to the Rabies Challenge Fund. The Fund is conducting studies to prove that vaccine immunity persists for at least five years, and maybe as long as seven. Phase Two of the study will investigate vaccine additives called adjuvants and set up a reporting system for adverse reactions. (includes video) - press release - Jan Rasmusen Dogs4Dogs via PRWeb

►May 1, 2008 - Rabies study fund gets $35,000 donation - Portland Press Herald via - "The fund is a charitable trust founded by Kris Christine of Alna, who contends too-frequent rabies vaccinations are exposing pets to health risks, such as cancer. The fund helps raise money for a study to determine whether dogs could be protected with far fewer rabies shots."

►April 27, 2008 - Chick Wit - column - Philadelphia Inquirer - "So the next morning we're at a specialist, who qualifies as the nicest doggie neurologist in the country, because he takes one look at our wacky, hairless dog and says, 'Hello, gorgeous.' You know what I checked. Of course, he's married. He confirms that Lucy has tetanus, which is so rare that he wants to take a video of it. He tells us that antibiotics will cure her. That not only is she going to live, her paralysis will arrest and she'll be able to walk again in a month."

►April 27, 2008 - 2008 Report on Rabies Vaccine Adverse Reactions in Dogs - Aimee's Law Blog

►April 26, 2008 - When Milly nipped me, I thought nothing of it... then she died and I heard she had rabies - Daily Mail, UK - "I am trying to stay calm and am now having a course of vaccinations. I won't know for at least two days whether I have the disease because that's how long the blood tests take to come back."

►April 18, 2008 - Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control, 2008* - National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV) - MMWR/CDC

►April 14, 2008 - Update: Wyoming's Rabies Laws - Aimee's Law

►April 13, 2008 - Changes to vaccine ordinance unlikely - Right now, the city requires that rabies tags be updated every year -- which means a new shot annually even though there is a vaccination that is proven to last for three years. - Wyoming Tribune-Eagle - "Laramie County resident Karon Volk is a pet owner and supporter of the Rabies Challenge Fund, an organization that tests the duration of the rabies vaccine. She says the yearly requirement is overkill and may be dangerous to pets. The results of the studies, which won't be published for five years, have found that the currently rabies vaccine provides immunity for much longer than one year, possibly even longer than seven years, she said. The fund also has found that the vaccine can cause some adverse reactions like tumors and illness, Volk added."

►April 10, 2008 - The Truth About Vaccines - video - VideoJug - posted 7/2/08

►April 9, 2008 - Vets at odds over vaccinating cats for mutated virus - Daytona Beach News Journal - A Jan. 15, 2004, article in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association says outbreaks of highly virulent feline calicivirus are increasingly common. Rachel Zimmer, who works as a veterinarian-technician at Spruce Creek Animal Clinic, couldn't do anything to save her ragdoll kitty, 5-year-old Montana, when the cat came down with some kind of killer virus in 2006 that Zimmer suspects was calicivirus....Zimmer isn't sure whether Montana died of viral pathogens that were brought home from Zimmer's work at the animal clinic or whether it became deadly when it mutated once it hit Montana's bloodstream. But she's pretty sure she couldn't have vaccinated against it because the vaccines can't keep up with the virus's mutations."

►April 1, 2008 - Postmarketing surveillance of rabies vaccines for dogs to evaluate safety and efficacy - journal article (Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association)

►April 1, 2008 - Feline practitioners release vaccination summary, calicivirus brief - JAVMA News

►April 2008 - Seizure Dog - Epilepsy requires adjustments by man and dog alike. - Gun Dog - "Or, I wondered, was it a result of the inoculations he’d gotten only two days earlier, a potent cocktail that included a combo shot for distemper, Parainfluenza, heptospirosis, Adenovirus, and Parvo, along with a Lyme’s shot? (I’ve been particularly suspicious of the shots since; when, one year later, my son took his Lab to the same vet clinic, they wouldn’t administer the full batch of shots at once but spread them out over two visits. Even more curious, the vet stressed my son should be particularly attentive to any reactions, almost as if to say, “We’ve had problems with these inoculations in the past,”without coming right out and actually saying it.)" - posted 6/18/08

►March 29, 2008 - EXCESSIVE RABIES SHOTS, GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER, TRAIN SERVICE, MEDIA AGENDA, SMOKING BAN - Yearly shots pose threat to our pets - letters - The Wichita Eagle via - "Yes, rabies is deadly. However, unnecessary rabies vaccinations have been documented to cause significant adverse affects to domestic animals, including autoimmune diseases affecting the thyroid, joints, blood, eyes, skin, kidney, liver, bowel and central nervous system. Other possible effects are anaphylactic shock, aggression, seizures, epilepsy and fibrosarcoma at injection sites."

►March 29, 2008 - Maybe We Should Take Our Kids To The Vet? - Age of Autism

►March 27, 2008 - WYOMING Rabies Laws--ACTION ALERT!!! - Citizen Canine Dog Forum

►March 23, 2008 - Vaccine overkill? - Wyoming Tribune-Eagle - "Even though city residents might have the option of getting rabies vaccines for their pets that last three years, according to city ordinance, the vaccine has to be administered every year. There are two types of vaccines available. The only difference between them is how long they’ve been proven effective, Wyoming State Veterinarian Walter Cook said."

►March 20, 2008 - 2nd Update KANSAS RABIES LAW--My Letter to Kay Johnson - Rat Terriers - "Below is a copy of the letter I faxed to Kay Johnson this morning. It appears that a vaccine revolution in Kansas has been triggered by the Wichita Eagle article Dog owners are starting to organize, and Kay Johnson has received communications from as far away as India!!"

►March 18, 2008 - Are annual shots a risk for dogs? - The Wichita Eagle via - "Kris Christine has been studying vaccine-related illnesses in pets and lobbying to change vaccination laws since 2004, when her Labrador, Meadow, was diagnosed with cancer at the site of his rabies vaccination. One result of her efforts is the Rabies Challenge Fund, which Christine, who lives in Maine, started with veterinarians Ronald Schultz of the University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine and W. Jean Dodds of California. The fund is paying for tests under way at the veterinary school in Madison, Wis., which will attempt to confirm previous studies that showed the rabies vaccine confers immunity in dogs for five to seven years."

►March 14, 2008 - Onyx and Breezy Foundation Funds Follow-up Care in Revolutionary Cancer Vaccine Study - The Onyx & Breezy Foundation recently funded after-care for dogs engaged in a revolutionary research study to develop a cancer vaccine that may be given to both humans and animals when successful. The study is being conducted at The Matthew J. Ryan Veterinary Hospital, a small animal teaching hospital affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. - press release - The Onyx & Breezy Foundation via PRWeb

►March 13, 2008 - Prevent parvo with complete vaccination - The Coloradoan - "Parvovirus is difficult to kill and lives in the environment all around us. Luckily, we are able to effectively vaccinate dogs against it. So why did I get a desperate call from a colleague at the Fort Collins Emergency Hospital this week, pleading with me to write this column? Because in the last two weeks, they have seen more than 15 cases, all in puppies younger than 16 weeks and most of which were vaccinated once. One vaccine dose does not produce complete immunity and sometimes two doses don't."

►March 12, 2008 - Cat vaccinations linked to tumors - Albany Times Union - "Now veterinarians have changed the injection-site protocol because vaccine injections can result in often-fatal fibrosarcoma cancer. Effective surgical removal from the shoulder blade is impossible. Injections are given low down on one of the cat's legs, so if cancer were to develop at the injection site, the cat has a better chance of survival when the leg is amputated."

Exempting Sick & Senior Pets from the Rabies Vaccine - Show #138 - UPCOMING SHOW: 3/5/2008 2:30 PM - Animal Talk Naturally via Blog Talk Radio

►March 4, 2008 - Bayer Animal Health enters vaccine-licensing deal - Kansas City Business Journal

►March 4, 2008 - Eye Disease In Dogs Newly Identified - Iowa State University via ScienceDaily - "Both diseases occur when the dog produces auto antibodies that attack the retinal cells. The antibodies mistake retinal cells for cancerous tumors or tissues that need to be destroyed. In the process of attacking the retinal cells, the auto antibodies cause the retinal cells to lose function and the dog to lose some or all of its vision."

►March 2, 2008 - KANSAS RABIES LAW--Action Alert!! - Corgi Forums - "If you are a Kansas dog owner would like to see Kansas adopt the national standard of a triennial rabies vaccination protocol for dogs, now is the time to act."

►February 21, 2008 - Bromide or phenobarbital may help dog's seizures - Houston Chronicle - "Vaccinations and the kinds of drugs you use are giving your dog can all play a role in canine epilepsy. So, too, can heredity and adverse reaction to certain food ingredients, notably wheat. After he is taken off all medications, low-dose medication with potassium bromide or phenobarbital may be called for if the seizures become more frequent. Some dogs are extremely sensitive to certain drugs and food ingredients, and thorough detective work is called for. Transitioning your dog to a natural diet may prove beneficial, as other readers have confirmed."

►February 19, 2008 - Diseases You Can Catch from Your Pet - Petside

►February 19, 2008 - The new strain of parvo: Deadly new canine disease, or just another Internet rumor? - San Francisco Chronicle

►January 26, 2008 - Virus in Madison killing canines - Charlottesville Daily Progress

►January 26, 2008 - Health units sharing vaccines - London Free Press - "Perth health officials have already recommended 40 people get the vaccine, more than it had on hand before boosting its supply from other health units. Another 40 people called the unit yesterday for advice on treatment....They now are asking anyone who bought a dog from a Chesley broker working under the business names Pets R Us and Feed Me More Pets since Jan. 3 to contact them."

►January 25, 2008 - Oceana vets explore new rabies vaccination program - Ludington Daily News

►January 24, 2008 - Diseases will flourish without pet vaccinations - The Capital Times via - "While the study suggests that many of the nation's 60 million pet dogs and 75 million pet cats are not adequately vaccinated, Schultz maintains that some pets are over-vaccinated. 'It is ironic that some pets are repeatedly vaccinated, still getting annual revaccinations for the core diseases, receiving 18 to 20 vaccinations during their lives, when three to six would be enough,' he said."

►January 2008 - AAEP Releases Updated Equine Vaccination Guidelines - - "The complete document, along with easy reference charts, is available on the AAEP Web site at

►January 23, 2008 - N.H. mulls fees to sell animal vaccines (requires registration) - AP via Boston Globe - "The bill also would eliminate subsidies currently paid to veterinarians for immunizations not vital to the animals or necessary to public health."

►January 23, 2008 - Law introduced by Rep. Hill to increase dog licensing, rabies vaccination rates - New law a result of efforts by Rep. Dawn Hill of York - - "During the last legislative session, Hill submitted L.D. 1727, An Act to Require Veterinarians to Notify Municipalities of Rabies Vaccinations of Dogs, to link two existing laws (rabies certification and dog licensing) in a more efficient manner. The new law ensures that municipal animal control officers (ACOs) are informed when dogs need to be licensed."

►January 22, 2008 - Low vaccination rate of US puppies and kittens poses larger risks - It's hard to believe that in an advanced country like the United States, fewer than half of all puppies and kittens are being vaccinated. - University of Wisconsin-Madison via - "Yet that's exactly what was found in a study recently completed by veterinarians at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine, in cooperation with the Dane County Humane Society."

►January 22, 2008 - Canine Vaccinations: A Shot in the Bark - Petside - "So much evidence was accumulated that the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) changed the vaccination guidelines in 2003, modifying them in 2006. The AAHA stressed that vaccination is not as harmless a procedure as once thought, and even though adverse reactions are rare, it’s foolish to give unnecessary vaccinations. Nor are vaccinations a 'one shot fits all' situation. The right vaccinations for your dog depend on its age, breed, health status, environment, life style and where your pet lives or travels."

►January 12, 2008 - Confusion over new pet vaccinations (includes video) - - "'Some veterinarians take the position that it's not gonna hurt the dog to give these extra vaccinations, and let's err on the side of precaution... but twice as much isn't necessarily as good,' said Don Praeger from the Arlington Humane Society. 'There are some studies that indicate that it can cause an increase in sarcomas which are cancerous tumors,' he added."

►January 11, 2008 - Dog vaccination-allergic reaction link studied - Pugs, dachshunds, Chihuahuas, Boston terriers and miniature pinschers sought for research. - The Orange County Register - "Researchers are trying to identify the causes of allergic reactions in dogs receiving vaccinations. If you have a dachshund, pug, Chihuahua, Boston terrier or miniature pinscher – all breeds at high risk for such reactions – you can participate in the study. To do so, your vet will need to send a 4- to 5-milliliter blood sample from your dog to researchers at Purdue University in Indiana within three weeks of your dog receiving the vaccinations."

►January 3, 2008 - Winn Foundation Announces Award of Six Grants for Important Feline Health Studies - press release - The Winn Feline Foundation via Good News For Pets - "This year we awarded $99,909 in grants for studies on feline herpesvirus, interstitial cystitis, a new form of retinal disease, and adverse effects of vaccinations, among others."

►January 3, 2008 - Bottom Line Blurs Veterinary Practices - - "Let's start with vaccinations. The standard operating procedure is for animals to receive a multitude of vaccinations on a regular schedule. Most animal guardians don't question the vaccination schedule. If the vet says it's needed, then it must be. For those who do question it, they are met with hostility or condescension or frightened with the horrors of what will happen if an animal isn't vaccinated regularly. And in several cases, have been asked to find another vet altogether."

►January 3, 2008 - The Best Veterinary Breakthroughs of 2007 - These New Vaccines and Medicines Help Keep Your Cats and Dogs Healthier Than Ever - Good Morning America via ABC News - "We all knew you could vaccinate for viral diseases, such as distemper and rabies, but for bacterial diseases, such as periodontal disease, or some cancers? Wow!"

►January 1, 2008 - Ginseng aids vaccination response in horses - Horsetalk, New Zealand - "'No adverse effects of ginseng treatment were identified by hematologic and blood biochemistry profiles. Thus, low-dose dietary supplementation with ginseng in healthy horses may be a useful adjunct to vaccination.' The researchers chose the vaccine against EHV-1 as it typically produces a poor antibody response and provides incomplete protection against infection."

►December 27, 2007 - Make efforts to be a better pet caretaker in 2008 - Newsday - "Resolve to get vaccine-savvy. Don't wait until a health crisis hits before you modernize your attitude about vaccinations. The veterinary profession has rapidly changed its more-is-more attitude toward vaccines, to the point that "annual shots" are as archaic a concept as whalebone corsets. For many vaccines, every three years is becoming a minimum interval."

►December 18, 2007 - Rabies draft ordinance forwarded - The Rolla Daily News - "The Commission forwarded a rough draft of a new ordinance on Tuesday to the Prosecuting Attorney which is aimed at strengthening the Phelps County Health Department's power to enforce mandatory testing or quarantining of animals that have bitten people or other animals to determine if they have rabies."

►December 11, 2007 - The beastly side of pets: Disease - Providence Journal

Science of Vaccine Damage - - "Merck warns in its Manual that patients with, or from families with, B and/or T cell immunodeficiencies should not receive live-virus vaccines due to the risk of severe or fatal infection. Elsewhere, it lists features of B and T cell immunodeficiencies as food allergies, inhalant allergies, eczema, dermatitis, neurological deterioration and heart disease. To translate, people with these conditions can die if they receive live-virus vaccines. Their immune systems are simply not competent enough to guarantee a healthy reaction to the viral assault from modified live-virus vaccines. Modified live-virus (MLV) vaccines replicate in the patient until an immune response is provoked. If a defence isn't stimulated, then the vaccine continues to replicate until it gives the patient the very disease it was intending to prevent."

►December 5, 2007 - Tassie EI vaccination row - Tasmanian thoroughbred racing authorities are facing a massive battle to convince industry participants to vaccinate their horses against equine influenza. - The Mercury via "...rumours had been circulating within the industry regarding adverse reactions to vaccination, including bleeding attacks, but there had been no evidence of bleeding attacks among vaccinated horses in New South Wales and Victoria, and only a small per centage of horses were displaying any reaction."

►December 5, 2007 - Maine trust helps to fund rabies study - Morning Sentinel via - "The research is being funded by The Rabies Challenge Fund, a charitable trust founded by Kris Christine of Alna, who became concerned about rabies shots after her yellow Labrador, Meadow, was diagnosed with cancer three years ago. Christine said the mast cell cancer started at the spot where her dog got his rabies shot. She believes it was the cause. The trust has raised $210,000, of which $177,000 will fund the first year of the study, according to Christine. Then, she said, $150,000 must be raised each year for the study, which will run for five to seven years."

►November 30, 2007 - Vaccinate your pets, officials advise after dogs exposed to distemper virus at SPCA - Mercury-Register

►November 28, 2007 - Cat got your wallet? - What you should know before you let your veterinarian fill your pet's prescription (includes video) - CBC Marketplace

►October 29, 2007 - Giving rabies vaccine is sure way to protect pets - Newsday - "Even in the absence of threats from without, Americans should continue to vaccinate dogs for rabies, reminds Jean Dodds of Santa Monica, Calif., a veterinary immunologist, vocal critic of overvaccination and co-founder of the Rabies Challenge Fund. The purpose of the fund is to raise money for clinical trials to prove that the rabies vaccine imparts immunity for as long as five to seven years - not the three years currently acknowledged by the USDA. But that's a far cry from saying vaccination is no longer necessary, Dodds stresses."

►October 24, 2007 - 300,000 Imported Puppies Prompt Rabies Concerns - CDC, After Declaring Canine Rabies Eradicated, Now Looks at New, Stricter Rules - ABC News

►October 4, 2007 - UGA vet school receives $1.18 million NIH grant for rabies vaccine investigations - University of Georgia via

►September 21, 2007 - CDC Finds US Free of Canine Rabies... For Now -

►September 18, 2007 - Sri Lanka rabies cases on the rise despite increase in vaccination - Colombo Page

►September 14, 2007 - Texas Proposes No Exemptions in Rabies Rules - Unless there is strong opposition, Texas Department of Health Services will make changes in rabies control and prevention laws that have unintended consequences to animals, pet owners, animal lovers and veterinary professionals alike. - Pamela Picard Petition for Rabies Medical Exemption and Bob Rogers DVM via PRWeb - "Texas pet owners and animal lovers nationwide who support rabies medical exemption for sick and senior pets are urged to respond to proposed changes to laws covered in TAC 169.21 - 169.34 pertaining to the control and prevention of rabies. These were published for public comment in the Texas Register on August 31, 2007. The comment period runs until September 30, 2007."

►September 7, 2007 - Notice to Readers: World Rabies Day --- September 8, 2007 - MMWR/CDC

►September 7, 2007 - US Declared Canine-Rabies Free - CDC Announces at Inaugural World Rabies Day Symposium - press release - CDC

►August 21, 2007 - Rabies question poses dilemma for dog owner - She must quarantine puppy at high cost, or put her to sleep - Media General News Service via Winston-Salem Journal

►August 3, 2007 - Pet Owners Say "Yes" to Exempt Dogs and Cats from Rabies Vaccinations - Texas pet owners demand change in rabies laws to exempt sick and senior pets from compulsory rabies vaccinations when the Department of Health Services Council meets on August 6 2007. - press release - Dr. Bob Rogers, DVM via PRWeb via eMediawire - "'There is a temporal association between adverse reactions like Vaccine Associated Sarcoma in cats and Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia and Immune Mediated Thrombocytopenia in dogs and cats,' states Dr. Rogers in a letter to TDHS requesting an exemption for pets with a history of reactions or existing health issues. 'They can be deadly.'  But injection site tumors and IMHA are the tip of the iceberg according to veterinarians, veterinary medicine associations, research scientists and pet owners who want legal reform. Veterinarians in the USA and worldwide are attributing an epidemic of common problems that they relate directly to vaccines. These include ear or skin conditions, such as chronic discharges and itching and behavior problems such as fearfulness or aggression. Pet owners often report that these symptoms begin shortly after vaccination and are exacerbated with every re-vaccination."

►July 29, 2007 - Dogs may be getting too many vaccines, vet specialist says - Cox News Service via Arizona Daily Star - "Despite warnings that America's dogs are being vaccinated too much and too often, most veterinarians continue the practice as a way to keep clients coming in the door, according to a leading animal immunologist.  Vaccines for rabies and three other major canine diseases — distemper, canine adenovirus-2 and canine parvovirus — should be given no more often than once every three years, said Ronald Schultz, a veterinary immunologist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison....'They give a lot of these vaccinations in 'mambocombo' injections,' he said. 'Imagine what an assault it is to an animal's immune system to have 12 or 13 vaccines injected at once.'"

►July 15, 2007 - Immunizations aren't appropriate for all cats - Tri-Valley Herald - "Generally, for indoor cats, I no longer recommend immunization against the feline leukemia virus or rabies. For cats that go outdoors, we now immunize with an non-adjuvanted rabies vaccine formulated to reduce the risk of developing vaccine-associated sarcomas. An adjuvant is an additive that increases the body's immune response to an immunization. Adjuvanted vaccines induce immunity that lasts longer, but can be irritating to the tissues under the skin. This irritation is believed to contribute to the development of vaccine-associated sarcomas. Immunizations are now given in different locations to further reduce the amount of subcutaneous irritation at any one location as a result of immunization."

►July 15, 2007 - Old vaccine suspected in cat's tumor (requires subscription) - Miami Herald - "Q: My cat, Bunny, had a nasty tumor on his back. My vet and the vet surgeon who removed it both said it might have been related to his past vaccines. A: It's possible Bunny had a vaccine-associated sarcoma. A new study shows these sarcomas to be all but eradicated since new vaccines were introduced in 2002. However, cats vaccinated before this date are still at risk of developing these notoriously aggressive tumors."

►July 11, 2007 - Rabies Challenge Fund Reaches First-Year Goal - Lincoln County News

►July 10, 2007 - Vets Urged to Deny Vaccinations - ABC 7 News - "A law that took effect July 1 requires veterinarians to send a copy of each new rabies vaccination certificate to the local treasurer's office, which can then bill the dog owner for a license. The measure is intended to improve compliance with a dog-licensing law that has been on the books for more than three decades."

►July 4, 2007 - Funds raised for rabies study - Bangor Daily News - "Inspired by the love she has for her ill dog, a stay-at-home mother from rural Maine has raised enough funds to bankroll a major scientific study on how long rabies vaccines remain effective. 'These will be the first long-term challenge studies on the canine rabies vaccine to be published in the United States,' Kris Christine said this week....Christine believes that her beloved dog, a yellow Labrador retriever named Meadow, contracted cancer at the points on its body where rabies vaccines were injected. Even after four major surgeries, this may be Meadow’s last summer. But Christine says her determination to make Meadow’s suffering count for something could result in saving the lives of thousands of dogs throughout the country....More information and regular updates on The Rabies Challenge Fund can be found at"

►May 1, 2007 - The Vaccine Challenge - Show #91- Animal Talk, Naturally!

►March-April 2007 - Are We Overvaccinating our Pets? - Spaniel Journal

►November 20, 2006 - A Dog's Life: Get Out Your Wallets, Rabies Challenge Fund a Reality -

►September 21, 2005 - Nationwide Campaign Launched to Fund Rabies Vaccine Study - Lincoln County News

►September 19, 2005 - A Dog's Life: News! The Rabies Challenge Fund -

►July 18, 2005 - Still vaccinating your pet every year? - That may not be necessary and could even cause harm - MSNBC

►April 2, 2007 - Booster jabs 'waste of money' - The Guardian, UK


►April 1, 2004 - Vets issue animal vaccine warning - Veterinary surgeons are warning that cat and dog owners are spending tens of millions of pounds on unnecessary and sometimes dangerous vaccines. - BBC - "More than 30 vets have signed an open letter warning many vaccines for pets given in yearly doses last much longer. They have accused the pharmaceutical industry of 'fraud by misrepresentation, fraud by silence and theft by deception'."

►March 15, 2004 - Improving veterinarians' income a top goal of AVMA president-elect candidate Childers - American Veterinary Medical Association JAVMA News

►March 2004 - Vets in UK Speak Out Against Vaccination -

►August 2003 - Fibrosarcomas at Presumed Sites of Injection in Dogs: Characteristics and Comparison with Non-vaccination Site Fibrosarcomas and Feline Post-vaccinal Fibrosarcomas - journal article (Journal of Veterinary Medicine)

►July 1, 2003 - Developing common sense strategies for fiscal responsibility - Using an interactive template to plan service protocol changes - DVM Newsmagazine - "The purpose of this article is to focus on the third of these essential cornerstones: the economic realities of protocol changes, and how medical and surgical standards including reduced frequency of vaccination can be compatible with financial viability; and, yes, even success. ... For a real eye-opener of potential revenue loss, research practice records for the most recent 12 months of client activity to determine the estimated number of adult canine patients that were seen for annual vaccinations. Multiply this number times the revenue loss calculated above on an individual patient basis to determine the total potential lost income."

►July 1, 2003 - 'What do we tell our clients?' - Developing thorough plan to educate staff on changing vaccine protocols essential for maintaining solid relationships with clients and ensuring quality care - DVM Newsmagazine - "It has finally happened. The American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) has released canine vaccine guidelines. Some practitioners may dread it and consider the recommendations as a 'practice buster.' ... The concern of course is the loss of our 'vaccine hook.'"

►March 17, 2003 - Annual Dog Vaccines May Be Unnecessary - Study: Overvaccination May Jeopardize Dog's Health - WPXI Pittsburgh

►February 26, 2003 - The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology - Department of Veterinary Pathology - WEDNESDAY SLIDE CONFERENCE - 2002-2003 CONFERENCE 19 (pdf) -
►Oct 1, 2002 - AVMA, AAHA to release vaccine positions - DVM Newsmagazine - "The statement stresses AVMA's stance on education, a reduction in the profession's dependence on vaccine sales, which account for a significant portion of practice income, ... Veterinarians must promote the value of the exam and move away from their dependence on vaccine income."

►October 2001 - A retrospective study of canine and feline cutaneous vasculitis - journal article (Veterinary Dermatology)

►January 2001 - Vaccine-associated sarcomas in cats: a unique cancer model. - journal article (Clin Orthop Relat Res.) - "Epidemiologic evidence supports a relationship between vaccination of cats for rabies and feline leukemia virus with the development of soft tissue sarcomas at the site of administration."

►2001 - Vaccines of the Present and Future - World Small Animal Veterinary Association WSAVA World Congress Vancouver 2001 - "...some veterinarians use the recommendation for vaccinations as a way to ensure client visits for yearly examinations and, least appropriate, as a ‘profit center.’"

►January 11, 2000 - Is it necessary to vaccinate your pet? - CBC Marketplace

►June 1999 - Vaccine-induced ischemic dermatopathy in the dog - journal article (Veterinary Dermatology)